Sports Psychology

Motivation is thought to be a combination of the drive within us to achieve our aims and the outside factors which affect it. With this in mind, motivation has the following two forms, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic motivation

This is motivation from within. A desire to perform well and succeed. The following is true:

Desire to overcome the problem or task
Development of skills and habits to overcome that problem
Rehearsal of successful habits until they are perfect
A feeling of pride and enjoyment in performing the skill
Repeated goal setting in order to progress and maintain motivation

Goals must be all of the following in order to be attainable:

Time related

Extrinsic motivation

Extrinsic motivation comes from a source outside of the performer. These are things which can encourage the athlete to perform and fall into two groups:

Tangible rewards: Physical rewards such as medals and money. These should be used sparingly with young athletes to avoid a situation where winning a prize is more important than competing well

Intangible rewards: Praise, recognition and achievements. These should be used on a regular basis to encourage the athlete to repeat the behaviour which earned the praise.